Your doctor may order special tests before surgery such as blood tests, X-rays, or other tests.
You may be told to fast (no food or drink) before surgery. Your doctor will tell you if you can or cannot eat and drink and for how long before your surgery. If you do not follow your doctor’s instructions, your surgery may be delayed or cancelled.
Your doctor may tell you to change or stop your medications before your surgery. Be sure to tell your doctor of any medications that you take. This includes prescription and nonprescription medications, herbal or vitamin supplements, and any street drugs as those can react dangerously with some anesthetic drugs.
If you will be going home after surgery, arrange for someone to drive you home and stay with you for the rest of the day. Make transportation and personal arrangements in advance. Provide the admitting nurse with your driver’s name and contact number or location.
The anesthesiologist will perform a pre-anesthetic evaluation to:
- Form a relationship between you and the anesthetist
- Inform you of the risks, benefits, and alternatives
- Answer questions or discuss any concerns you may have
To help you prepare for the evaluation, a questionnaire is included on this Web site.
You will be asked if you have any medical problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetes or asthma. You will also be asked whether you have had anesthesia before, what type it was, and if you had any problems. The anesthetist will also need to know if you have a blood relative (a parent, brother or sister) who has had a problem with anesthesia.
After reviewing your medical condition, the anesthetist will develop an anesthetic plan. Your medical condition, type of surgery, and often your personal preferences, determine the plan.