- Age between 15-40 and older than 55
- Infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); individuals who have had infectious mononucleosis are over three times more likely to develop Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma can also occur in children, and is treated differently from adult cases.
- Age older than 55
- Male gender
Having one of the following medical conditions:
- An inherited immune disorder
- An autoimmune disease
- HIV/ AIDS
- Infection with human T-lymphotrophic virus type I (HTLV-1) or Epstein-Barr virus
- A history of infection with Helicobacter pylori (specific to MALT lymphoma type)
- Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease (specific to cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma)
- Receiving immunosuppressant drugs following organ transplant
- Exposure to certain pesticides, herbicides, and industrial solvents, e.g. benzene, perchloroethylene and xylene
Past treatment with radiation, or treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma