Kidney Cancer Risk Factors and Symptoms
Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase your risk of developing kidney cancer:
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Long-term dialysis
  • Sedentary life style
  • Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
  • Workplace exposure to chemicals and substances
  • Males are more likely than females to be diagnosed with kidney cancer.
Possible signs of renal cell cancer include blood in the urine and a lump in the abdomen.

These and other symptoms may be caused by renal cell cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. There may be no symptoms in the early stages. Symptoms may appear as the tumor grows. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:
  • Blood in the urine
  • Abdominal mass
  • Back or flank pain
  • Weight loss
  • Low blood counts (anemia)
  • Tumor calcification on x-ray
  • Symptoms of metastases
  • Fever
  • High calcium in blood
  • High blood counts