Lymphoma Risk Factors
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

  • Age between 15-40 and older than 55
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); individuals who have had infectious mononucleosis are over three times more likely to develop Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma can also occur in children, and is treated differently from adult cases.
 
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

 
  • Age older than 55
  • Male gender
  • Caucasian
     
Having one of the following medical conditions:
 
  • An inherited immune disorder
  • An autoimmune disease
  • HIV/ AIDS
  • Infection with human T-lymphotrophic virus type I (HTLV-1) or Epstein-Barr virus
  • A history of infection with Helicobacter pylori (specific to MALT lymphoma type)
  • Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease (specific to cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma
  • Receiving immunosuppressant drugs following organ transplant
  • Exposure to certain pesticides, herbicides, and industrial solvents, e.g. benzene, perchloroethylene and xylene
  • Past treatment with radiation, or treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma