An enlarged prostate, also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition in older men. The prostate is a walnut sized gland that surrounds the urethra, which starts at the base of the bladder and runs through the middle of the prostate. Over time, an enlarged prostate can stop or slow the flow of urine, causing bladder and kidney problems.
If you are suffering from an enlarged prostate, talk to us. Our team of urologists at City of Hope are experts who use leading-edge methods to diagnose and treat the many urologic conditions that affect millions of men.
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As men age, the prostate grows. In some men, the prostate can get bigger without squeezing urethra closed. In other men, the prostate can grow into the urethra, making the opening narrower. When this happens, the bladder has to work harder to get urine out.
Unfortunately, the bladder becomes more irritable when it works harder—meaning it does not tolerate holding urine well. In extreme cases, the prostate may grow into the bladder, creating a ball valve that closes off and completely stops the stream of urine trying to leave the bladder.
There are several symptoms of an enlarged prostate, some of which may indicate an obstruction while others point to bladder irritability.
Men with the following factors are more likely to develop an enlarged prostate:
Working together with your urologist, you can determine a personalized treatment plan based on your preferences, prostate size and overall health.
At City of Hope, we offer several effective treatment options for enlarged prostate, including:
Simple lifestyle changes may positively impact an enlarged prostate diagnosis. Some helpful techniques for patients include:
Prescription medication can also help ease the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. The medicines we typically use are:
When performing surgery for an enlarged prostate, the goal is to remove or displace tissues that cause obstructions so that the bladder can empty more easily. After most operations, both obstructing and irritative symptoms will improve, however the degree of improvement is dependent on the severity of symptoms before the surgery.
There are many surgical options for treating an enlarged prostate. At City of Hope, we have expertise in the following procedures used to treat those suffering from an enlarged prostate:
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