Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: What you need to know (w/INFOGRAPHIC)
July 30, 2015
| by City of Hope
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma facts:
Risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma:
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. Lymphocytes are in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues (such as the spleen and bone marrow).
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most common cancers in the U.S., accounting for about 4 percent of all cancers.
- 2015 estimates:
- About 71,850 people will be diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This includes both adults and children.
- About 19,790 people will die from this cancer.
- Half of patients are older than 66.
- Gender: Men are more likely to develop lymphoma than women.
- Race, ethnicity and geography: In the United States, whites are more likely than African-Americans and Asian-Americans to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Radiation: Studies of survivors of atomic bombs and nuclear reactor accidents have an increased risk of developing several types of cancer, including lymphoma.
- Being overweight or obese
- A lump or enlarged lymph node that doesn’t go away
- Abdominal pain or swelling
- Night sweats
- Unexplained weight loss
- Low red blood cell counts (anemia)
- Shortness of breath or constant cough
- Chest pain or pressure
- Biopsies to examine the suspected tissue to accurately identify the type of lymphoma
- Imaging scans to determine the extent of the disease and assess potential response to treatment
- Chemotherapy, or the use of cancer-fighting drugs, is often essential because a systemic approach is necessary to kill cancerous cells circulating throughout the lymphatic system.
- Immunotherapy, or a modification of the immune system, can use the patient’s own disease-fighting cells to track and attack lymphoma cells throughout the body.
- Stem cell transplantations early in the course of treatment can improve long-term results. They also may be performed when other treatments are not working.
- Radiation therapy, that is, the use of high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation, can kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
- Surgery can treat localized lymphoma-related conditions.
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In treating lymphoma and other diseases, City of Hope’s multidisciplinary team of nationally known physicians and researchers collaborate to develop individualized treatment plans based on each patient’s unique needs.
Learn more about lymphoma treatment and research at City of Hope.
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