Beckman Research Institute Milestones

1952-1983

 

1952
The Research Institute is dedicated.

1960s
The Division of Neurosciences is created.

The Division of Biology is created.


1972
The Division of Immunology is created.


1976
The Bone Marrow Transplantation Program is initiated, making City of Hope one of the first of six medical centers in the nation to perform this lifesaving procedure.

Ernest Beutler, M.D., is elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of his research on the genetics of hematological diseases.


1978
Arthur Riggs, Ph.D., and Keiichi Itakura, Ph.D., synthesize the human insulin gene resulting in the production of Humulin®, a pure source of human insulin available to people with diabetes.


1979
Keiichi Itakura, Ph.D., and Arthur Riggs, Ph.D., pioneer the recombinant DNA techniques used to synthesize human growth hormone, enabling thousands of undersized youngsters to reach near-normal height.


1981
The National Cancer Institute awards the first in a series of major grants to City of Hope’s Bone Marrow Transplantation Program.

Susumu Ohno, D.V.M., Ph.D., is elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of his work on X chromosome inactivation and his theory of evolution by gene duplication.

1982
Yoko Fujita-Yamaguchi, Ph.D., purifies the insulin receptor molecule.


1983
The Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation provides a $10 million grant to establish the Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope.

Rachmiel Levine, M.D., is elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of his pioneering work on discovering how insulin controls blood sugar levels.

1984-Today

1984
The Beckman Research Institute is dedicated.

Arthur Riggs, Ph.D., and Shmuel Cabilly, Ph.D., demonstrate the feasibility and describe a method for making humanized monoclonal antibodies, technology later used in “smart” cancer drugs such as Herceptin, Rituxan and Avastin.


1988
Eugene Roberts, Ph.D., is elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of his work on the existence and function of GABA and other neurotransmitters on the brain and nervous system.


1990
John Rossi, Ph.D., reports first use of RNA to block the progress of the virus that causes AIDS.


1994
The Graduate School of Biological Sciences is chartered.


1996
The Division of Molecular Medicine is created.

Gerd Pfeifer, Ph.D., definitively links smoking to lung cancer, identifying the genetic damage done by the active compounds in cigarettes.


1998
The Division of Molecular Biology is created.

Barry Forman, M.D., Ph.D., identifies the first new steroid-like hormone in 30 years, androstanol, a hormone that reverses or halts gene activity.


1999
The Division of Virology is created.

Arthur Riggs, Ph.D., is named Director of the Beckman Research Institute.


2000
The Center for Biomedicine & Genetics is established to ensure that City of Hope scientific discoveries are efficiently translated from the research lab to the clinical setting.